29 августа 2022

Verification of subclinical carotid atherosclerosis as part of risk stratification in overweight and obesity: the role of machine learning in the development of a diagnostic algorithm

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Druzhilov M. A., Kuznetsova T. Yu., Gavrilov D. V., Gusev A. V.

Abstract

Aim. Comparative analysis of mathematical models obtained using multivariate logistic regression (MLR) with stepwise inclusion of predictors and machine learning (ML) for assessing the probability of subclinical carotid atherosclerosis in normotensive overweight and obese patients without cardiovascular diseases and/or diabetes.

Material and methods. We received data on patients from the Webiomed platform database. The inclusion criteria were age ≥18 years, body mass index ≥25 kg/m2, extracranial artery ultrasound results, while the exclusion criteria included diabetes and/or cardiovascular disease. MLR analysis was carried out with stepwise inclusion of predictors. ML algorithms were used to create an alternative model.

Results. The overall percentage of true results for MLR model was 73,2%, while the proportion of true negative and positive predictions was 80,1% and 63,4%, respectively. Mathematical models created using ML methods are characterized by a predictive value from 75 to 97% with a sensitivity of 77 to 92% and a specificity of 80 to 98%.

Conclusion. A significant superiority of ML models was revealed in the study of available clinical and paraclinical parameters. Integration of ML mathematical models into a diagnostic algorithm for making a decision to refer a low-risk patient for extracranial artery ultrasound will significantly improve its accuracy and cost efficiency.

 

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Druzhilov M. A., Kuznetsova T. Yu., Gavrilov D. V., Gusev A. V. Verification of subclinical carotid atherosclerosis as part of risk stratification in overweight and obesity: the role of machine learning
in the development of a diagnostic algorithm. Cardiovascular Therapy and Prevention. 2022;21(7):3222. (In Russ.) doi:10.15829/1728-8800-2022-3222. EDN WZFTKJ

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